By Jean-Marie Guyau
There could be little question that the current second deals a healthy chance for introducing to a wide circle of English readers this booklet of Guyau s, which, in his personal nation, is rightly thought of his masterpiece. Guyau is already recognized in England by way of his extraordinary and suggestive paintings on schooling and Heredity and The Irreligion of the longer term; and one other paintings from him, on so vital a subject matter as Morality, may possibly provide a much-needed resource of proposal and encouragement, at a time whilst ethical technological know-how is obviously coming into upon a interval of renewed strength and wider curiosity. prompted by way of the nice problems of an ever-increasing complexity of existence, lower than situations which render the various outdated creeds and religions incompetent to grapple with the issues challenging answer ;distressed by way of a psychological chaos which threatens to retard all revolutionary efforts via fitful reactions ;the fans of freedom and social amelioration flip to Morality for the help and the strengthgiving caliber with no which lifestyles is doomed to decay and destruction.
(Typographical blunders above are as a result of OCR software program and do not happen within the book.)
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Additional info for A Sketch of Morality Independent of Obligation and Sanction
Really prevailed over those of comfort, life In our fact, vital The subjective discomfort of suffering is only a symptom of a wrong objective state of disorder, of the beginning of an illness the translation of it is : trouble. On some functional or organic the contrary, the feeling of well-being subjective aspect of a right objective state. of existence well-being life, illness it is it tends to increase that very trouble. it. echo of mischief in the brain. into the brain itself on it, corresponds to evolution of not good to feel our ailment too deeply, or the sensation exaggerates re-acting like the Not only is pain the consciousness pain to dissolution.
Come iWe happiness 'to is conclusion this — that a certain amount of a necessary condition of existence. Hartmann supposes that, if pessimistic day triumphs among mankind, all people return to nothingness of their own will. suicide will put an however, encloses end to M. von morality one will agree to A universal This naive conception, pessimism planted itself life. this truth, that if human heart, it would, by degrees, and lead, not to the rather burlesque event of which von Hartmann speaks, but to a deeply enough in the diminish its vitality theatrical slow and continuous subsidence of actually realizing the sum of its its — pessimism life —a race of pessimists that woes by imagination ; to say, increasing is such a race could not survive in the struggle for existence.
Incompatible with the conservation of the species. When with certain individuals the balance of suffering and enjoyment is upset, and the former prevails, this is an anomaly, which usually causes death to the individual without delay. A being who suffers too sary for the existence of much is unfit for an organism that, life. It is neces- taken as a whole, should keep up a certain regularity in its functions ; pain should be banished, or, at least, be reduced to the lowest it degree. more natural selection works without more does it tend to eliminate the sufferers in Besides, the restraint, the ; killing the diseased it also stamps out the disease.
A Sketch of Morality Independent of Obligation and Sanction by Jean-Marie Guyau