By Derek Horton
Given that its inception in 1945, this serial has supplied severe and integrating articles written by means of examine experts that combine commercial, analytical, and technological points of biochemistry, natural chemistry, and instrumentation method within the research of carbohydrates. The articles offer a definitive interpretation of the present prestige and destiny traits in carbohydrate chemistry and biochemistry. prime quality complete reports overlaying all points of carbohydrate chemistry
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Extra resources for Advances in Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biochemistry, Vol. 59
Preparation. 66 Both enantiomers of xylulose were produced biologically by the oxidation of the corresponding alditol. A Klebsiella pneumoniae mutant was constructed for the oxidation of d-arabinitol to d-xylulose, and a Erwinia uredovora mutant was used for the oxidation of xylitol to l-xylulose. Cell suspensions of either mutant oxidized ∼60% of the pentitol to the ketopentose, which was excreted into the medium. 67 e. — Occurrence. Several reports on the occurrence of d-allose (15) in natural glycosides have appeared during recent decades.
275 It was shown that volemitol is biosynthesized from sedoheptulose by a NADPH-dependent sedoheptulose reductase. 276 Preparation. The sugar is extracted by water from ground Sedum leaves and stems, and the extracts are evaporated to a thick syrup. The sedoheptulose is extracted by alcohol, which is then removed by evaporation. An aqueous solution of the syrup is puriﬁed with basic lead acetate. 278 Sedoheptulosan is formed by treating the sugar with acid. 280 Occurrence and preparation. 281 The avocado extract (deionized, freed of gums, and fermented with yeast) gave perseitol, myo-inositol, and d-erythro-d-galactooctitol (the ﬁrst octitol discovered in Nature).
M. de lederkremer and c. — Occurrence. 6-Deoxyheptoses have been found as components of antigenic polysaccharides produced by bacteria. 194 6-Deoxy-␤-d-altroheptose occurs as the pyranose form in the associated extracellular polysaccharide from Campylobacter jejuni O:23 and O:36 (which causes enteritis in humans),247 in contrast to C. jejuni O:41 LPS, where this sugar is present only in the furanosyl form. 174 naturally occurring monosaccharides 45 Occurrence. As already described, strains of Campylobacter are remarkable in their capacity to synthesize unique heptose- and 6-deoxyheptose-containing oligosaccharides.
Advances in Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biochemistry, Vol. 59 by Derek Horton