By Ron Field
The Mississippi River performed a decisive function within the American Civil struggle. The accomplice fortifications that managed the decrease Mississippi valley have been placed to the try within the long Federal crusade of 1862-63. Vicksburg was once a citadel urban, often called the "Gibraltar of the Confederacy," whose catch is usually noticeable because the key to victory within the battle.
This e-book explores the fortifications of the river valley, targeting Vicksburg and its defenses which boasted a community of forts, rifle pits, and cannon embrasures surrounding the town and interpreting the strengths and weaknesses of the fortifications whilst below siege. additionally tested are various different fortified strongholds, together with New Orleans, Port Hudson, New Madrid and, forts Henry and Donelson, all lavishly illustrated with complete colour art and cutaways.
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The 50 years sooner than the yankee Civil conflict observed a increase within the building of coastal forts within the usa. those stone and brick forts stretched from New England to the Florida Keys, and so far as the Mississippi River. at first of the conflict a few have been positioned within the secessionist states, and lots of fell into accomplice palms.
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Additional resources for American Civil War Fortifications
Com 2 6 1 1 2 5 3 5 0 5 10 15 3 20 Scale for section views 25ft 4 The Stockade Redan complex during the siege of Vicksburg This rare view behind the Confederate lines near the Stockade Redan at Vicksburg is based on a sketch made with “a glass” from the Federal riﬂe pits. The poplar-wood palisade is seen at center, while at left Confederate troops dig a riﬂe trench, which is possibly the beginning of the traverse behind the main redan. (Author’s collection) 36 The Stockade Redan The Stockade Redan was the principal work guarding the Graveyard Road approach to Vicksburg, and represented the northernmost point in the city defenses.
The rest of the line was garrisoned by elements of the brigade commanded by General John C. Vaughn, which consisted of the 60th, 61st, and 62nd Tennessee Infantry, and contained two 6-pounder guns and one 24-pounder siege gun in several small redans. Never directly assaulted during the siege, these earthworks were destroyed and built over with new defenses following the Union army’s occupation of Vicksburg on July 4, 1863. Twenty-Sixth Louisiana Redoubt Established on a high ridge in the northern line of defenses about one mile from the river bank, the Twenty-Sixth Louisiana Redoubt consisted of a 6ft-high parapet with a total width of 20ft.
A. J. Smith’s Left and Right Approaches invested the Second Texas Lunette. Carr’s Left and Right Approaches threatened the Railroad Redoubt. Logan’s Approach closed in on the 3rd Louisiana Redan from Battery Hickenlooper. Hovey’s Approach neared the Square Fort, while Slack’s Secondary Approach drew close to an angle in the trench line manned by the 23rd Alabama Infantry south of that fort. Herron’s Approach invested the lines near South Fort. 50 The mines The Federals dug mines under the Confederate lines and packed them with black powder.
American Civil War Fortifications by Ron Field