By Eliot Goldfinger
From the writer of the vintage Human Anatomy for Artists comes this trouble-free reference advisor that includes over unique drawings and over seventy photographs.
Designed for painters, sculptors, and illustrators who use animal imagery of their paintings, Animal Anatomy for Artists bargains thorough, in-depth information regarding the main in general depicted animals, offered in a logical and simply understood layout for artists—whether newbie or complete specialist. The booklet specializes in the kinds created by way of muscle groups and bones, giving artists a vital third-dimensional realizing of the ultimate, complicated outer floor of the animal. Goldfinger not just covers the anatomy of the extra universal animals, reminiscent of the pony, puppy, cat, cow, pig, squirrel, and rabbit, but in addition the anatomy of diverse wild species, together with the lion, giraffe, deer, hippopotamus, rhinoceros, elephant, gorilla, sea lion, and endure. integrated are drawings of skeletons and the way they circulation on the joints, person muscular tissues exhibiting their attachments at the skeleton, muscle tissues of the whole animal, go sections, photos of dwell animals, and silhouettes of comparable animals evaluating their shapes and proportions. He bargains a brand new and cutting edge part at the easy physique plan of four-legged animals, giving the reader an important conceptual knowing of total animal constitution to which the main points of person animals can then be utilized. The bankruptcy on birds covers the skeleton, muscular tissues and feather styles. The appendix provides photos of skulls with outstanding horns and antlers and a bit on significant floor veins.
Incredibly thorough, choked with crucial info, Animal Anatomy for Artists is a definitive reference paintings, a necessary ebook for everybody who depicts animals of their paintings.
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Extra info for Animal Anatomy for Artists: The Elements of Form
Beyond the lower and rear borders of the jaw. Composed of two or more • Action: Closes the mouth, for biting and chewing, by lifting the lower layers, only a small portion of the deep layer of the masseter comes to jaw. In the horse and ox, it also pulls the lower jaw sideways (outward) the surface in the horse, just in front of the jaw joint. 40 INDIVIDUAL MUSCLES » FACE & HEAD HORSE DOG Digastric rear profile of the lower jaw. In the dog and feline, the digastric is a HORSE, DOG, AND FELINE relatively thick muscle.
In the feline, • Insertion: Front end of the upper lip and the lower portion of the nostril. descriptions of this muscle vary among authors:it is described either as • Action: Pulls the front end of the upper lip and the lower end of the lying parallel and above the caninus, or as the rear portion of the nostril rearward. nasolabialis, as described in this text. • Structure: The muscle splits into two bundles before inserting. It is not present in the horse, dog, or feline. 34 INDIVIDUAL MUSCLES » FACE & HEAD DOG HORSE LION OX Depressor labii mandibularis (inferioris) OX (Quadratus labii inferioris) • Origin: Front portion: The bone in front of the eye.
Action: Pulls the skin above the eye (the "eyebrow" region) upward, rearward, and slightly inward, creating wrinkles in the skin. • Structure: This narrow muscle is an important muscle of "facial expression" as the effects of its contraction are conspicuous on the surface. This muscle in the feline is much wider—it spans the forehead from eye Retractor anguli oculi lateralis • Origin: Side of the head to the rear of the eye. • Insertion: Outer (rear) corner of the eye region. • Action: Pulls the region of the outer corner of the eye rearward.
Animal Anatomy for Artists: The Elements of Form by Eliot Goldfinger