By ACIA - Arctic Climate Impact Assessment
The Arctic is now experiencing one of the most fast and critical weather swap in the world. Over the following a hundred years, weather swap is anticipated to speed up, contributing to significant actual, ecological, social, and monetary adjustments, a lot of that have already began. alterations in arctic weather also will impact the remainder of the realm via elevated worldwide warming and emerging sea degrees. Arctic weather effect evaluate used to be ready through a world crew of over three hundred scientists, specialists, and a professional contributors of indigenous groups. The file has been completely researched, is absolutely referenced, and offers the 1st entire review of arctic weather switch, alterations in ultraviolet radiation and their affects for the zone and for the area. it truly is illustrated in complete colour all through. the implications supplied the medical foundations for the ACIA synthesis document - affects of a Warming Arctic - released by means of Cambridge college Press in 2004.
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Extra resources for Arctic climate impact assessment
4). Sea-ice data are concentrated at two World Data Centers. , 1995) are available from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (Goddard Institute for Space Studies, Langley Atmospheric Sciences Data Center) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (National Climatic Data Center, National Snow and Ice Data Center – NSIDC). html). They were restarted in the 1930s, interrupted during the Second World War, and resumed in the late 1940s with the help of aviation and drifting stations.
1999) Northern Hemisphere dataset. For comparison purposes, the temperature trends (ºC/yr) for the land-surface temperatures (GHCN dataset) were computed for the latitude bands 60º to 90º N and 0º to 60º N (Fig. The trend shown for any given year before present is the average trend from that year through 2003; for example, the value corresponding to 60 years before present is the average trend for the period 1944 to 2003. , the Arctic is warming). Although the trends for both bands have been increasing over the past 60 years, the trend in the 60º to 90º N band is larger.
1. Ice-albedo feedback to warming and cooling Sea ice is an influential feature of the marine Arctic. It reflects a large fraction of incoming solar radiation and insulates the ocean waters against loss of heat and moisture during winter. Sea ice also inhibits the movement and mixing of the upper ocean in response to wind. , 1995). The seasonal analogue of climate change effects on the marine cryosphere is the dramatic expansion of sea-ice extent in winter and its retreat in summer, in tune with (at a lag of several months) the seasonal variation in air temperature.
Arctic climate impact assessment by ACIA - Arctic Climate Impact Assessment