By Patrick Richard (Eds.)
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Extra resources for Atomic Physics: Accelerators
Van de Graaff, Nucl. Insrr. M e t h . 8, 195 (1960). 24 The term Van de Graaff is now a trademark of the High Voltage Engineering Corporation and therefore the terminology electrostatic accelerator should be used as a general description of such accelerators. 25 H . Naylor, Nucl. Insrr. Merh. 63, 61 (1968). 28 This accelerator was developed by the National Electrostatics Corporation and is designed as a 25 MV accelerator. 10 1. 4. New electrostatic accelerator facility under construction, 1979.
4 1. INTRODUCTlON from the pure Rutherford Coulomb scattering in the lightest of elements, where internuclear separations of the order of 5 x cm could be reached. However, as late as 1925, Rutherford and Chadwick were unable to detect any deviations from pure Rutherford Coulomb scattering for alpha particles on copper nuclei. They were able to probe the copper cm. 5 X The need for higher energy projectiles as a probe of the nucleus was clearly in demand. The experiments discussed above were all performed with alpha particles from radioactive sources such as radium, polonium, and thorium.
The accelerators can supply ion beams through uranium with energies from (a) 40 MeV/A to 20 GeV/A for the fixed-target-operation mode, and (b) 20 GeV/A to 2 TeV/A fixed-target equivalent energy for the colliding beam mode. This accelerator will use the Super Hilac as an injector. Figure 9 shows a global plot of the higher MeV/A facilities in comparison with some of the accelerators discussed previously. High-energy heavy-ion accelerators in Russia, Japan, France, and Germany are also included in this figure.
Atomic Physics: Accelerators by Patrick Richard (Eds.)