By John J. Collins
A landmark research of Hellenistic Judaism via one of many world's famous experts-now totally revised and up to date. essentially the most inventive and consequential collisions in Western tradition concerned the come across of Judaism with Hellenism. In his broadly acclaimed research of the highbrow and ethical courting among "Athens and Jerusalem", John J. Collins examines the literature of Hellenistic Judaism, treating not just the introductory questions of date, authorship, and provenance, but in addition the bigger query of Jewish identification within the Greco-Roman global. First released in 1984, among ATHENS AND JERUSALEM is now absolutely revised and up-to-date take into consideration the simplest of contemporary scholarship.
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Unique yr of book: 1995
Excerpt from the Introduction
Most reports of Jewish modernity have handled the responses of Western Jewry — basically Ashkenazi Jewry — to the trendy . certainly, so much books of any variety at the Jews within the glossy international deal often with Ashkenazim. This e-book is meant, like any of my stories, to right in a few degree this imbalance. it's approximately a few of the diverse responses of Sephardi and Oriental Jewry to modernity, in particular a few of their spiritual responses. The issues of comparability and distinction to the bigger and extra intensively tested Ashkenazi international are, i think, no longer simply fascinating, yet hugely instructive. For what they express are assorted types of contemporary non secular improvement caused by assorted historic stories. regularly, Sephardi and Oriental Jewry made the transition into smooth instances whereas maintaining its equilibrium way more extra effectively than had eu Jewish society upon its emergence from the ghetto, and so they have been higher in a position to shield a few of their existential moorings. the whole modernizing technique used to be total extra slow and no more tense for japanese Jews than it used to be for his or her Ashkenazi brethren or certainly for his or her Muslim acquaintances. even supposing the Westernizing forces of modernity got here to the Sephardi and Oriental Jews basically from with no, the non secular evolution of those groups constructed from inside of. Their coming to phrases with the fashionable international didn't always bring about a stark and invidious selection among conventional faith and development as was once the case for thus a lot of Ashkenazi Jewry.
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Extra info for Between Athens and Jerusalem: Jewish Identity in the Hellenistic Diaspora (The Biblical Resource Series)
The Torah provided a common basis for postexilic Judaism, in the sense that all forms of Judaism related to it in one way or another. It did not provide a definitive norm in the sense of prescribing a single orthodox way of being Jewish. To begin with, the corpus of scripture continued to grow well into the Hellenistic period. The latest addition to the Hebrew canon, Daniel, was composed only at the time of the Maccabean revolt. The Greek translation of some of the writings was later still. Further, the religious life of the people was always informed by the ongoing tradition and by influential writings which were never accorded the status of scripture.
Philadelphia: Fortress 1974); idem, Juden, Griechen und Barbaren: Aspekte der Hellenisierung des Judentums in vorchristUcher Zeit (SBS 76; Stuttgart: Katholisches Bibelwerk, 1976), available in English as Jews, Greeks and Barbarians [Philadelphia: Fortress, 1980]); Tcherikover, Hellenistic Civilization, 39-265; Schiirer, The History of the Jewish People, 2:29-80. On the Greek language in Palestine, see G. Mussies, "Greek in Palestine and the Diaspora," in S. Safrai and M. Stern, eds.. 2; Assen: Van Gorcum; Philadelphia: Fortress, 1976) 1040-64 and the literature there cited.
Both assert that Job is descended from Esau and from Bassara. Ausitis is located on the borders of Edom and Arabia, and Job is identified with lobab. Freudenthal argued that the addition to the Septuagint was dependent on Aristeas, and this position is accepted by Walter, but the relationship may be more complex. ^'' Both may depend on an exegetical tradition. None of this is of much help for dating Aristeas since we cannot date the translation of LXX Job. E. (the time of Polyhistor). Whether this Aristeas is at all related to the pseudonymous Aristeas of the Letter to Philocrates is doubtful.
Between Athens and Jerusalem: Jewish Identity in the Hellenistic Diaspora (The Biblical Resource Series) by John J. Collins