Micah Zenko's Between Threats and War: U.S. Discrete Military Operations PDF

By Micah Zenko

ISBN-10: 080477191X

ISBN-13: 9780804771917

When faced with a power international coverage challenge that threatens U.S. pursuits, and that can't be correctly addressed via fiscal or political strain, American policymakers and opinion formers have more and more resorted to recommending using limited army strength: that's, sufficient strength to aim to unravel the matter whereas minimizing U.S. army deaths, neighborhood civilian casualties, and collateral damage.

These concepts have ranged from the bizarre—such as a Predator missile strike to kill Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe, or the assassination of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez—to the unwise—the preemptive bombing of North Korean ballistic missile sites—to the demonstrably practical—air raids into Bosnia and Somalia, and drone moves in Yemen and Pakistan.

However, although they've been a customary function of America's makes use of of army strength via 4 successive administrations, the efficacy of those "Discrete army Operations" (DMOs) continues to be mostly unanalyzed, leaving unanswered the real query of whether they have succeeded in attaining their meant army and political objectives.

In reaction, Micah Zenko examines the thirty-six DMOs undertaken through the USA during the last two decades, to be able to determine why they have been used, in the event that they accomplished their targets, and what decided their luck or failure. within the approach, he either evaluates U.S. coverage offerings and recommends ways that constrained army strength might be greater utilized in the long run. The insights and proposals made by means of Zenko may be more and more correct to creating judgements and predictions concerning the improvement of yank grand procedure and destiny army policy.

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Extra resources for Between Threats and War: U.S. Discrete Military Operations in the Post-Cold War World

Example text

Policy toward Bosnia. 46 In preparing for his Senate appearance, McCaffrey created his own presentation and slides, without having them approved by the Joint Chiefs, the Office of the Secretary of Defense, or the White House. 47 Lieutenant General McCaffrey’s personal estimates of the forces needed and potentially poor outcomes were shared by many senior military officials, including General Powell. W. Bush administration, and during the first year Force and the Civilian-Military Split 27 of the Clinton administration, “Powell would show his lack of enthusiasm by giving [senior civilians] a high estimate, and they would quickly back off.

Nor is war a self-generated 17 18 Force and the Civilian-Military Split phenomenon isolated from a state’s larger strategic goals. ”5 What generals such as Clausewitz and Smith have encouraged politicians and military commanders to recognize is that there is a political purpose to every aspect of military force, regardless of its operational objectives, intensity, or duration. Even if a soldier acting without political intent or orders from a superior launches a tank round across a border and into an adversary’s territory, there undoubtedly will be political consequences.

Studies of coercive diplomacy consider a unit of analysis to be an interaction between two states in which one issues a demand on a target state that is backed up by the threat of military force. 26 But for DMOs, the unit of analysis consists of an empirically observable military action by one state against another for any number of the primary political goals: compellence, deterrence, or punishment. 27 For such relations in the United States, tensions regarding the employment of force in a limited manner are the pertinent component for this book.

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Between Threats and War: U.S. Discrete Military Operations in the Post-Cold War World by Micah Zenko


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