By Gerald L. Gutek, Patricia A. Gutek
Bringing Montessori to the USA traces in engrossing aspect some of the most interesting partnerships within the background of yankee education—that among Maria Montessori and S. S. McClure, from their first assembly in 1910 till their ultimate acrimonious dispute in 1915.
Born at the Adriatic, Montessori first entered the area level in 1906 because the innovator of a progressive instructing process that creates an atmosphere the place young ones research at their very own velocity and start up abilities like examining and writing in a spontaneous method. As her university in Rome rapidly attracted cognizance, interest, and fans, Montessori recruited disciples whom she immersed in a rigorous and special teacher-training routine of her personal creation.
McClure used to be an Irish-born media baron of America’s Gilded Age, top referred to as the founder and writer of McClure’s Magazine. opposed to the backdrop of Theodore Roosevelt’s Bull Moose insurgency, the intense and mercurial McClure used his flagship ebook as a automobile to strengthen innovative social gathering explanations. After assembly in 1910, McClure and Montessori launched into a five-year collaboration to introduce Montessori’s leading edge instructing type within the United States.
Gerald and Patricia Gutek hint the dramatic arc of the partnership among the Italian instructor and American writer united by means of a imaginative and prescient of academic swap within the usa. After her triumphal lecture journey in 1913, Montessori, safe in her belief of her American associate, gave McClure her energy of legal professional and again to Italy. The surge in approval for Montessori schooling in the USA, even if, deeply involved Montessori, who had heretofore exerted overall keep an eye on over her process, equipment, faculties, and instructor education. the yankee entrepreneurial spirit, besides a wish to disseminate the Montessori strategy quick, resulted in significant conflicts among the Italian educator and American businesspeople, really McClure. Feeling betrayed, Montessori ended her courting along with her erstwhile collaborator.
Gutek and Gutek describe the attention-grabbing tale of this primary wave of Montessori schooling within the usa, which failed to maintain itself in the course of Montessori’s lifetime. it will now not be until eventually the Fifties that Montessori schooling used to be revived with the profitable institution of Montessori academies in the course of the United States.
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Additional info for Bringing Montessori to America : S.S. Mcclure, Maria Montessori, and the campaign to publicize Montessori education
15 Montessori, at age thirty, was an attractive woman, with dark hair and fine features. Montesano, two years older, a scion of southern Italy’s minor aristocracy, was a handsome well-styled gentleman. 16 Montessori became pregnant and bore Montesano’s son, Mario, on March 31, 1898. The child’s birth registration identified him as Mario Pipilli, born of unknown parents. He was placed in the care of Mancia Carlotta in the small town of Vicovaro, near Rome. Although Mario Montessori cites his birthdate as March 31, 1898, Kramer suggests that it might have been later.
6 When Maria Montessori applied to the University of Rome’s School of Medicine, she faced strong gender bias and was rejected by the all-male medical faculty. Instead, she studied physics, mathematics, and natural science at the University of Rome for two years and earned the Diploma di licenza, which made her academically eligible to begin the study of medicine, to take courses in anatomy, pathology, and do clinical work. Showing the grit engrained in her personality, she reapplied and was admitted to study medicine.
Many children, especially girls, ended their formal education with a certificate of completion from a primary school. A minority of adolescents, mostly males, went on to secondary school. The most prestigious secondary school was the highly academic university preparatory school, the liceo, with its curriculum of classical Latin and Greek languages and literatures. Since very few young women would go on to university, the liceo was not a viable option. Other secondary schools specialized in technology, engineering, art, agriculture, and commerce.
Bringing Montessori to America : S.S. Mcclure, Maria Montessori, and the campaign to publicize Montessori education by Gerald L. Gutek, Patricia A. Gutek